DPT vaccine; DT vaccine; TD vaccine; vaccine - DPT
A combined vaccine to protect against diphtheria
and tetanus. The DPT (DTP) vaccine also protects
The DPT (DTP) vaccine is a "3-in-1" vaccine that protects
against diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus. It can be
given to children less than 7 years old. It is given by
injection, usually into the arm or the thigh.
DPT (DTP) vaccination is one of the recommended childhood
immunizations and should begin during infancy. In most
parts of the United States, DPT immunization is required
before starting school. A minimum of 3 injections should
be given, and 5 injections is strongly recommended.
DPT (DTP) immunization is usually a series of injections
given to children at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6 months,
and 15 to 18 months. A booster is given before starting
school (age 4 to 6). DPT is recommended unless there is
a reason that the child should not receive the pertussis
vaccine (such as allergic reaction), in which case
the DT should be given.
After the initial series of immunizations, a booster of
Td vaccine should be given at age 14 to 16 and every 10
Receiving a minimum of 3, preferably 5, DPT (DTP) vaccines
prior to school entry will protect (for up to 10 years):
(DTP) vaccine can be safely given to infants. As a general
rule, any drugs or vaccines are not recommended for pregnant
women; however, a pregnant woman who needs the Td vaccine
can safely receive it (there have been no documented problems
for the woman or the fetus).
of those children immunized from getting diphtheria
to 90% of those children immunized from getting pertussis.
(Even those who do contract the disease, despite being
immunized, will have a milder course of illness.)
of those children immunized from getting tetanus
DPT frequently causes mild side effects (slight fever,
mild crankiness, tenderness of the injection site for a
few days). Most of these side effects occur because of the
pertussis component of the vaccine.
DTP (DPT) cause severe complications (in less than 1% of
injections). Complications include:
high (more than 105 degrees F)
DTP (DPT), can cause these severe complications in about
1 out of 1,750 immunizations:
brain damage has been reported after DPT injection, almost
all cases reported were eventually attributed to other conditions
that coincidentally manifested at that time. If brain damage
occurred directly after DPT, it would be very rare.
or collapse (blue or pale, limp, nonresponsive)
The risk of febrile seizures is higher if the person
has had previous seizures or if a family member has ever
As with any medications or any vaccine, there is a chance
of other serious complications including death. This is
uncommon after DPT immunization. For almost all people,
the benefits of vaccination far outweigh the risks.
Delay or Do not give(CONTRAINDICATIONS)
If the child is sick with something more serious than a
mild cold, DPT (DTP) may be delayed until the child is better.
If the child has ever had a convulsion (seizure),
other brain disorder, or seems to be not developing normally,
the DPT (DTP) is often delayed until it is clear that the
condition is not worsening or that seizures are controlled.
If the child has had any of the following after an earlier
DPT, consult with the health care provider before the child
receives another injection of the vaccine:
Immunization Symptoms and Care
within 3 to 7 days after injection
serious brain problem within 7 days after injection
of seizures or other brain problem (at any time)
throat, or face swelling (serious allergy)
within a few hours after injection
breathing (serious allergy) within a few hours after
of 105 degrees F or higher within 2 days after injection
or collapse within 2 days after injection
uncontrolled crying that lasts for more than 3 hours
at a time within 2 days after injection
For 1 or 2 days after injection with DPT (DTP), the child
provider that gives the DPT (DTP) immunization may recommend
measures to reduce normal postimmunization symptoms. Acetaminophen
(or ibuprofen) may be recommended to reduce fever and soreness.
Some providers recommend a dose be given just prior to the
injection to help avert common, minor side effects. Warmth
(such as a warm, damp cloth or a heating pad) may reduce
soreness. Frequently moving or using the arm or leg that
has received the injection is recommended and often reduces
at the injection site (mild)
at the injection site (slight)
at the injection site (slight)
Call the Primary Health
Care Provider if
whether DPT (DTP) immunization should be given (see
delay or contraindications). Often, a child that has
problems with the DPT vaccine can safely receive the
or severe symptoms develop after DPT (DTP) immunization,
including seizures, fever above 105 degrees F, difficulty
breathing or other signs of allergy, shock or collapse,
or uncontrolled crying that lasts for more than 3 hours
at a time.
symptoms develop after DPT immunization.
are other questions or concerns about DPT immunization.